Addition/Subtraction Fluency Resources

Fact Fluency for Addition and Subtraction 

Reinforcing Strategies
The link below contains strategies you should use to reinforce strategy development to help with fact fluency.  Research shows only 30% of the population are rote memorizers.  Therefore, memorizing your facts is an ineffective strategy to improve fact fluency. 
Once students have a strategy in place,  you can implement flash cards and/or timed tests.  However, you should only assess knowledge of facts in which students have mastered a strategy.
Games to Build Fact Fluency
Assessing Fact Fluency
Articles About Fact Fluency